Both heart disease and stroke are types of cardiovascular disease. The cardiovascular system, also known as the circulatory system, includes the heart and all blood vessels that pump blood and move it throughout the body. Your lifestyle largely determines the condition of your cardiovascular system. The best cardiologist in Mumbai can help you in this regard.
Types of Cardiovascular Diseases:
Cardiovascular disease includes many lifestyle-related conditions, including:
- Coronary Artery Disease – Angina or heart attack (acute myocardial infarction)
- Stroke – Caused by either a thrombotic obstruction (called an ischemic stroke) or a ruptured blood vessel and haemorrhage (called a haemorrhagic stroke)
- Peripheral Vascular Disease – Blockage of large blood vessels that supply blood to the arms and legs.
Lifestyle-independent cardiovascular diseases include:
- Acute Rheumatic Fever And Rheumatic Heart Disease – Caused by untreated group A streptococcal infection
- Congenital Heart Disease – A hereditary disease that affects the heart’s structure (such as valves)
The leading cause of death from cardiovascular disease is the progressive obstruction of blood vessels, which causes coronary artery disease and stroke.
What Are the Causes of Strokes?
Healthy blood vessels are flexible, but age and an unhealthy lifestyle can make them thicker and constricted, limiting blood flow in the body. This process is known as atherosclerosis and is commonly referred to as “arteriosclerosis.”
Atherosclerosis is a type of atherosclerosis due to the accumulation of fatty substances and cell debris (plaques). They can partially or entirely block blood vessels. Plaques can rupture and cause blood clots, blocking blood flow.
Atherosclerosis can occur anywhere in the body. For example, if it occurs in blood vessels that connect the arms and legs, it can cause peripheral vascular disease (PVD). When atherosclerosis occurs in the arteries (coronary artery disease or CHD), it can cause angina or heart attack.
When the same process occurs in the arteries that supply blood to the brain, the routes can narrow with plaques, forming blood clots that block the blood supply to the brain (thrombotic stroke).
In other cases, blood clots can move from different body parts (such as the heart) to narrowed arteries (embolic stroke). Both thrombotic and embolic strokes cause the most common type of stroke, ischemic stroke.
A less common hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and bleeds. Occlusion of blood vessels can cause coronary artery disease and some types of stroke, but it is not the same as heart disease.
What Can Be Some of the Signs of Heart Disease?
Accumulating fat deposits in the arteries and atherosclerosis can damage blood vessels and the heart. Plaque causes narrowing or obstruction of blood vessels, leading to a heart attack, chest pain (angina), or stroke.
Symptoms of coronary artery disease can differ between men and women. For example, men are more likely to experience chest pain.
In addition to chest discomfort, women are more likely to show other signs and symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea, and extreme malaise.
Signs and symptoms include:
- Chest pain
- Chest tightness
- Chest tightness
- Chest discomfort (angina)
- Pain in the legs or arms
- Numbness, weakness, coldness, narrowing of blood vessels in these parts of the body Neck, chin, throat, upper abdomen, shoulder, or back pain
You may not be diagnosed with coronary artery disease until you have a heart attack, angina, stroke, or heart failure. It is essential to pay attention to cardiovascular symptoms and discuss your concerns with your doctor. Cardiovascular disease may be detected early by regular examination.
How to Prevent Strokes?
Some heart diseases do not cause symptoms, but regular physical examinations are designed to detect many diseases, including heart disease, especially in the mild or early stages. To determine whether you have heart disease, you can monitor changes in energy levels and consult the best cardiologist in Mumbai.
By adopting healthy lifestyle options such as the following, you can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease,
- Avoid Smoking – Nicotine is a significant risk factor because it directly constricts blood vessels.
- Eat a Healthy Diet – Avoid processed foods.
- Get started and do more exercise. Consult your doctor about the exercise that suits your needs.
- Maintaining a Healthy Weight – Exercise and a healthy diet make this easy.
- Stress Management – Try muscle relaxation, breathing, or visualization.
- Seek medical attention to discuss lifestyle choices that reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
You can also get advice on regular health checks to look for early signs of the condition, such as:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
Heart disease is prevalent and must be taken seriously. Feel free to see the best cardiologist in Mumbai or at your preferred location if you have any symptoms of heart disease. Heart disease treatment has come a long way, and doctors can successfully treat most heart problems to prevent stroke-like consequences. Regular health checks are helpful to ensure the early detection of health problems before they become serious.